Vulnerable Populations in Language Programming

This report is for language instructors who work with literacy clients and/or vulnerable populations in language training. It summarizes an extensive examination of the factors and circumstances that can lead to long-term learning among literacy and language learners. The report includes:

  • Findings from interviews with learners, instructors, and staff
  • An environmental scan of long-term learning in the Canadian settlement sector
  • Outcomes from an action research course comprised of long-term learners
  • A brief scan of relevant literature that is reflective of concerns and considerations
  • A comprehensive list of remedial and preventative recommendations
Page Number


Publication Date

May 2024


Tessa Dixon, Vanessa Lent, and Kristen Porter